[NEP] New National Education Policy 2020: नई शिक्षा नीति 2020 PDF Download

New National Education Policy (नई राष्ट्रीय शिक्षा नीति) 2020 has been approved by the Union Cabinet of the Indian government. In this article, you will find all the details related to the new education policy. We will discuss all the important points about the NEP policy in detail. So let’s start the new education policy 2020 in detail.

New-National-Education-Policy-NEP-2020-Highlights
New-National-Education-Policy-NEP-2020-Highlights

Important points of the New Education Policy (NEP) 2020:

  • MHRD’s name has been changed to the Education Ministry.
  • The education budget has been increased to 6% from 4.43%.
  • For School Education 10+2 formula has been changed to 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 model.
  • Professional and skill Education started in class 6th.
  • Graduation degree changes its pattern and also introduced to drop out option.
  • The importance of M.Phill has been eliminated.
  • Study in local or national language class 5.
  • The common entrance exam for higher education.
  • In the place of UGC, NCTE and AICTE regulatory bodies will conduct.
  • Emphasize of online education.
  • Now foreign universities can establish their campus in India.

Note – इस आर्टिकल में नीचे देखें New Shiksha Niti 2020 PDF Download In Hindi | नई शिक्षा नीति इन हिंदी 2020 PDF | New Education Policy – NEP 2020 Highlights | Rashtriya Shiksha Niti 2020 | नई शिक्षा नीति 2020 PDF in Hindi Download

What is the New National Education Policy (NEP) 2020?

New education policy 2020 has been approved by the Union Cabinet. On 29 July 2020 (Wednesday), Information and Broadcasting Minister Mr. Prakash Javadekar and HRD Minister Mr. Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank have been announced that the Union Cabinet has been approved the new education policy 2020. After a long time, India is going to change its education policy, the last time in 1992 was the year when India changes its education policy. In the year 1964, the first time India felt that the country needs an education policy when Congress Minister Mr. Siddheshwar Prasad criticized the government that the government is not looking for valuable education inside the country.

After that in 1968, India introduced its first education policy. To date India introduced free education policy first was in 1968, second was in 1986, in 1992 India revised second education policy from 1986 and now India introduced its third education policy that is New Education Policy (NEP) 2020. In 1992 India could not introduce all parts of the policy due to the lack of budget so the government decided that this time the education budget will be increased from 4.43% to 6% of its GDP.

This is the first Education Policy 21 century of India, which is drafted in 108 pages. The main focus of this policy is to complete the essential needs for the development of the country. Before the election of 2014, Education Policy was part of BJP’s manifesto. Distance education policy 2020 will be introduced completely from the country until 2040. To introduce this policy and change the model of education they will be the needs of lots of teachers.

How will be changes introduced in the New Education Policy 2020?

Education is the concurrent subject between Central Government and state government. Under the new national education policy 2020, there are lots of changes in previous policies, to full implementation of these policies both government should be agreed on that.

When the New National Education Policy will be implemented?

The government had decided to complete all the targets related to the new education policy in 2040. So the new education policy takes a short time to start implementation. According to the final draught of new education policy 2020, every Indian will get a quality and equal education even one came from any social or economical background.

What is 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 model in new National Education Policy 2020?

On the place of 10 + 2 education model the government has decided to to implement 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 model. 5 means 3 years of preschool and first and second class, 3 means 3rd, 4th and 5th class, 3 means 6th, 7th and 8th class, and 4 means 9th, 10th, 11th, and 12th class. That means the children will start to go to Formal School at the age of 3. In the new education policy, three years of playgroup will include in education.

Whether there will be board examination or not?

Hindi education policy you change in the board examination of class 10th and 12th. There will be board examination twice a year but the pressure of board examination will be slightly down. The main focus will be on conceptual and knowledgeable education. Board examination will be held in two parts objective type questions and subjective type questions. There is the chance that the changes in the frame of board examination will be implemented on the session 2022-2023 under 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 education system.

What are the main changes in the higher education system under the new education policy?

Under the new national education system, the students will learn a four-year graduation program there will be lots of options for dropout. If any student wants to drop out after the first year he or she will get a certificate, dropout after 2nd year he or she will get an advanced certificate, dropout after 3rd year he or she will get a graduation degree, and if he or she will complete all the four years of degree he or she will get a complete graduation degree with research.

Students who don’t want to do a master’s degree and want to do a job after graduation have to complete only 3 years degree and after that, they can get a graduation degree. But if someone wants to do the research he or she can continue in the 4th year of the degree and after that, they will get a graduation degree with research. Masters program for 3 years degree holders will be 2 years, and for 4 years degree holders will be 1 year.

What is the provision for M.Phil and Ph.D. under the new education policy 2020?

The provision of M.Phil has been eliminated in the new education policy in 2020. For a Ph.D. degree, it’s mandatory to complete four years research program.

What are the other important points under the new National Education Policy?

Under new education policy in every district until 2030 there will be a higher education institute. For the research of the new education policy government will implement a research foundation. A single regulatory body will be implemented after the elimination of UGC, NCTE, and AICTE. To get admission to the higher education system there will be a common entrance examination. India Education Policy 2020 government emphasizes technical and online education.

Establishment of Bal Bhavan in every district for the art, carrier, and sports-related activity. The name of MHRD has been changed the new name is the Education Ministry. Sanskrit will be an optional language in every level of school and higher education. Foreign universities can establish their campus inside the country.

नेशनल एजुकेशन पालिसी 2020 (National Education Policy States)-

नई शिक्षा नीति को 5+3+3+4 के रूप में रखा गया है। इस पैटर्न को सरकारी तथा गैर-सरकारी स्कूल में पढ़ने वाले बच्चों के लिए है। जिसमें 12 साल की स्कूली शिक्षा तथा 3 साल की प्री स्कूली शिक्षा शिक्षा दी जाएगी। इसके लिए सरकार ने चार चरण रखें हैं, जो निम्न प्रकार से हैं:

  1. Foundation Stage: – इस में 3 से 8 साल (कक्षा 1 तथा 2) तक के बच्चों को शामिल किया जायेगा। जिसमें 3 साल की प्री स्कूल शिक्षा तथा 2 साल की स्कूली शिक्षा शामिल होगी। फाउंडेशन स्टेज के तहत बच्चों को भाषा कौशल और शिक्षण विकास की जानकारी दी जाएगी।
  2. Preparatory Stage: – प्रिप्रट्री स्टेज में बच्चों को क्षेत्रीय भाषा में पढ़ाया जाएगा। इसके अंतर्गत कक्षा 3 से कक्षा 5 (8 साल से लेकर 11 साल) तक के बच्चे आएंगे। जिनको भाषा और संख्यात्मक कौशल में विकास करना शिक्षकों का उद्देश्य रहेगा।
  3. Middle Stage: – इस मिडिल स्टेज में बच्चों को कोडिंग, व्यवसायिक परीक्षण, इंटर्नशिप प्रशिक्षण दिया जायेगा, जोकि कक्षा 6 से 8 तक के बच्चे के लिए होगा।
  4. Secondary Stage: – इस सेकेंडरी स्टेज में 9th से 12th तक के बच्चों को शामिल किया गया है। इसके अंतर्गत बच्चा अपनी इच्छा अनुसार कोई भी विषय चुन सकता है, जैसे पहले होता था। बच्चे केवल साइंस, कॉमर्स तथा आर्ट्स स्ट्रीम इनमें से कोई भी एक चुन सकते हैं। साथ ही अब उन्हें ओर भी ज्यादा विकल्प मिलेंगे।
New Shiksha Niti 2020 PDF Download In Hindi:

मानव संसाधन विकास मंत्रालय (MHRD) ने नई शिक्षा नीति (एनईपी) को मंजूरी दे दी है। इस नई एजुकेशन पॉलिसी से स्कूल व कॉलेज स्तर तक शिक्षा प्रणाली में कई बदलाव आएंगे। MHRD की इस नई नीति में स्कूल एजुकेशन से लेकर हायर एजुकेशन तक कई बड़े बदलाव किए गए हैं। उच्च शिक्षा के लिए सिंगल रेगुलेटर रहेगा (लॉ और मेडिकल एजुकेशन को छोड़कर)। साथ ही उच्च शिक्षा में 2035 तक 50 फीसदी GER पहुंचने का लक्ष्य है। ई-पाठ्यक्रम क्षेत्रीय भाषाओं में विकसित किए जाएंगे। वर्चुअल लैब विकसित की जा रही है और एक राष्ट्रीय शैक्षिक टेक्नोलॉजी फोरम (NETF) बनाया जा रहा है।

देश में उच्च शिक्षा के लिए एक ही नियामक होगा, इसमें अप्रूवल और वित्त के लिए अलग-अलग वर्टिकल होंगे। वो नियामक ‘Online Self-disclosure Based Transparent System’ पर काम करेगा। पढ़ाई की रुपरेखा 5+3+3+4 के आधार पर तैयारी की जाएगी। इसमें अंतिम 4 वर्षो में 9 वीं से 12 वीं कक्षा शामिल हैं। साथ ही नया कौशल (जैसे कोडिंग) शुरु किया जाएगा और एक्सट्रा कैरिकुलर एक्टिविटीज को मेन कैरिकुलम में शामिल किया जाएगा। National Education Policy 2020 PDF डाउनलोड करने का लिंक नीचे दिया गया है।

New Education Policy 2020 In Different Languages PDF Download:

Download the new Education Policy 2020 in various languages ​​in PDF format by clicking the below link:

यहाँ पर आप नई शिक्षा नीति 2020 PDF in Hindi Download या राष्ट्रीय शिक्षा नीति 2020 PDF Download या अन्य भाषा में NEP पीडीएफ फॉर्मेट में आसानी से डाउनलोड कर सकते हैं।

Download: New Education Policy (NEP) 2020 PDF

Official Website: https://www.mhrd.gov.in/nep-new

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